Ajman, located a short distance north-east of Sharjah’s capital city is the smallest of the seven emirates in terms of its physical size, occupying only about 0.3 per cent of the country’s total landmass.Ajman city is blessed with a natural harbour. Fishing, both traditional and modern, and dhow building are still important industries. This was once a quiet town with a beautiful 16km stretch of white sand beach but, like the rest of the Emirates, it is undergoing significant development. Ajman’s central square where the old fort, now a museum, is located, is within walking distance of hotels, restaurants and coast.Ajman Museum (06 7423824)This fascinating museum was opened in 1981 in a lovely old eighteenth century fort which served as the Ruler’s palace and office until 1970, when it became the main police station. Located in the town centre, the museum houses an interesting collection of archaeological artefacts, manuscripts, old weapons and reconstructions of traditional life.Dhow YardThe boatbuilding yard on the north side of the Creek is just a few kilometres from the city centre. This is one of the most active dhow-building yards in the country, and is well worth a visit.MowaihatThe archaeological site of Mowaihat is located on the oustkirts of Ajman. In 1986, while laying a new sewerage pipe, workers from the Municipality discovered a circular Umm al-Nar-type tomb (2500 BC to 2000 BC), c. 8.25m in diameter. A rescue excavation was conducted which recovered numerous examples of soft-stone and painted Umm al-Nar ceramic vessels, as well as over 3000 beads, two stamp seals, a number of copper implements, and the skeletal remains of several dozen individuals. At the time of its discovery, the Mowaihat tomb represented the first indication of Umm al-Nar period occupation in the Northern Emirates. Subsequent work has now identified major sites of this period on the Gulf coast at Al Sufouh, Tell Abraq and Shimal. The material from Mowaihat forms the bulk of the archaeological finds on display in the Ajman Museum.Around AjmanAjman also has two inland enclaves: Masfut is an agricultural village located in the mountains 110km to the south-east of the city, whilst Manama lies approximately 60km to the east.